What is Colorectal cancer?
Its is the cancer of the Colon (large intestine) and the rectum. Early signs are constipation or diarrhea, feeling of incomplete evacuation, cramping pains, blood in the stool, change in the size of stool (narrow), and fatigue. Not everyone with these symptoms has Colorectal cancer.
Read: What is Cancer?
This cancer mostly starts as polyps in the colon. Polyps are growth within the wall of the colon. Not all polyps become cancerous. In some cases, these cancerous polyps are inherited where the risk of cancer is very high. Colorectal cancer has also been known to develop from areas of abnormal cells in the lining of the colon or rectum. Polyps are the reason I recommend colonoscopy at the proposed age so the gastroenterologist can remove them.
Colon cancer is one of the most curable cancers in the early stages- mark that! In the later stages, it is one of the most deadly! Kaeni hapo mkisema hamtaki screening sijui hamtaki kujua. 90%of patients with localized colorectal cancer (Stage 1) have 5-year survival rate.
Although there is no cure for cancer yet, detecting cancer and treating the disease at an early stage can significantly improve the person’s outlook. In fact, people are known to live for long after cancer detected and treated at an early stage.
Stage 1: The cancer has grown through the colon or rectum linings and has invaded the muscular lining.
Stage 2: The cancer has grown through the wall of the colon and rectum, as well as the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) but has not spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes.
Stage 3: The cancer has invaded the nearby lymph nodes.
Stage4: The cancer has spread to other organs e.g liver
To prevent Colorectal cancer, eat a variety of fruits, vegetable, and whole grain. Antioxidants, vitamins, fiber, and minerals in these food groups play a role in cancer prevention,.Stop smoking, drink alcohol in moderation (personally I would suggest you don’t but I know this will fall on the deaf ear), and maintain a healthy weight. Avoid refined food (kuleni unga ya kusaga badala ya jogoo ama jimbi) and finally, limit your red and processed meats.